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2020-6-13 · RELATING EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL EXPOSURE External and internal exposure related at steady state by E = I/t i.e. intake into a system equals the amount of the substance in the system divided by the lifetime of the substance from that system This is how internal exposure measurements of body burden (I), may be converted into estimates of external exposure (E),

Human exposure to halogenated and organophosphate flame retardants through informal e-waste handling activities - A critical review Informal electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) handling activities constitute a potentially important source of halogenated (HFRs) and organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) to the environment and humans.

2008-2-13 · Human Exposure to Brominated Flame Retardants Heather M. Stapleton1, Shannon Kelly1, Joseph G. Allen2, Michael M. McClean2, and Thomas F. Webster2. 1. Nicholas School of the Environment & Earth Sciences, Duke University Durham, NC, USA 2. Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA

Human exposure to novel brominated flame retardants –from materials to humans . Poster 1170 . Material emissions . Dermal Uptake . House dust and breast milk . M Frederiksen*, K Vorkamp, JB Nielsen, LS Sørensen, TF Webster, M Vazakas, JA Sørensen & LE Knudsen . House dust was sampled using vacuum cleaner bags from the homes of

2017-6-29 · In this study, we estimated human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs), and several emerging flame retardants (EFRs) via inhalation and dust ingestion. Sixty indoor stationary air samples, 13 personal air samples, and 60 settled dust samples were collected from a Norwegian cohort during winter 2013.

Inhalation of halogenated flame-retardants (HFRs) released from consumer products is an important route of exposure. However, not all airborne HFRs are respirable, and thus interact with vascular membranes within the gas exchange (alveolar) region of the …

Indoor settled dust particles are considered as an important source of human exposure to chemicals such as organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs). In recent decades the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has experienced tremendous growth in population, as …

absorption of flame retardants is poorly understood. Therefore, in the current project, we will investigate the NBFRs’ way from materials to the resulting internal human exposure. This includes: a) emissions from flame retardant materials b) levels in house dust c) levels in human breast milk d) dermal absorption, using a human skin model

2019-2-5 · Human Exposure to Brominated Flame Retardants and Reproductive Health by Paula Ingrid Johnson Chair: John D. Meeker Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other compounds are used in the manufacture of a variety of materials and consumer products to meet fire safety standards.

2017-9-22 · As flame retardants are not chemically bound to the products, they can easily leach into the environment and result in widespread human exposure, especially in the home environment.

2 天前 · Special Issue "Human Exposure to Emerging Flame Retardants and Alternative Plasticizers". A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section " Environmental Health ". Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2021 .

2016-9-19 · Flame retardants (FRs) are commonly added to construction ... human exposure to PFRs.3,13,28,33,34 The presence of FRs on hands could be linked to exposure via dermal absorption and hand-to-mouth transmission,2,28,35,36 but information about transport of on-skin PFR is still limited. So far, it is still unclear

2017-1-1 · Human exposure to flame-retardants is associated with aberrant DNA methylation at imprinted genes in sperm. Adelheid Soubry Epidemiology Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, KU Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35, Blok D, Box 7001, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

2020-2-19 · Human exposure to legacy and emerging flame retardants in indoor dust: A multiple-exposure assessment of PBDEs. Lee HK(1), Kang H(2), Lee S(1), Kim S(2), Choi K(2), Moon HB(3). Author information: (1)Department of Marine Science and Convergence Engineering, College of Science and Convergence Technology, Hanyang University, Ansan 15588, Republic of Korea.

2015-8-31 · 5 Potential Exposure to Flame Retardants and Other Life-Cycle Considerations Many factors must be considered to evaluate the risk to human health and the environment posed by any flame-retardant chemical. Risk is a function of two parameters, hazard and exposure. The

Cao, Dandan,et al."Presence and human exposure assessment of organophosphate flame retardants (OPEs) in indoor dust and air in Beijing, China".ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY 169(2019):383-391.

2021-4-7 · Human exposure to brominated flame retardants Toms, Leisa-Maree , Hearn, Laurence , Sjodin, Andreas , & Mueller, Jochen (2011) Human exposure to brominated flame retardants. In Barcelo, D & Eljarrat, E (Eds.) Brominated flame retardants [Volume 16: …

Flame retardants, advertised to decrease the ability of materials to ignite and cause harm to humans, have been added to a range of products since the 1960s. ... It is globally the most highly produced brominated flame retardant, with human exposure to it widespread. It has been found in human tissue and household dust, as well as other places ...

Indoor dust ingestion is one of the main pathways for human exposure to organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs). The urinary concentrations of diesters (DAPs) are usually used as biomarkers to assess human exposure to PFRs. In this study, the PFR and DAP levels were measured in morning and evening urine samp

We hypothesized that exposures to organophosphate (OP) flame-retardants can alter DNA methylation in human sperm cells affecting offspring's health. Sperm and urine samples were collected from 67 men in North Carolina, USA.

2009-2-27 · The main goal with this thesis is to assess work related human exposure to brominated flame retardants (BFRs), particularly polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), in different work settings in Sweden. Also, a short review on BFRs in general, human exposure to BFRs and a presentation of analytical methodology of analysis of BFRs, is given.

Environmental occurrence, analysis and human exposure to the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBP-A)-A review Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah Environment International, Volume 94, September 2016, Pages 235–250. Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in breast milk and associated health risks to nursing infants in Northern Tanzania

2018-7-18 · Human Exposure to Flame Retardants. In the late 1990s, mounting evidence began to demonstrate that PBDEs were increasing in human tissues and the environment 2,13. Furthermore these chemicals were found to be capable of concentrating in tissues following exposure 14, and

Human exposure to flame retardants (FRs) in indoor environments is a growing concern. In this study, the concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and their alternatives, such as novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs), dechlorane plus (DP), and organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs), were measured in dust from indoor environments in Korea to investigate their occurrence ...

2020-6-1 · Although several studies have reported on human exposure to PBDEs associated with dust ingestion (Lee et al., 2013a; Kodavanti and Loganathan, 2019), simultaneous measurements of legacy and emerging FRs including NBFRs, OPFRs, and DP are rare in Korea as well as worldwide. To comprehensively understand the usage contamination patterns and behavior of FRs in indoor …

Human exposure to flame-retardants is associated with aberrant DNA methylation at imprinted genes in sperm Adelheid Soubry, Adelheid Soubry 1 Epidemiology Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, KU Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35, …