>>

Inquiry >>

Little information is currently available on the genetic diversity for AMF susceptibility among genotypes of wheat in general and, particularly, of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) 19,23 ...

29 T. turgidum ssp. durum cv. Langdon AB Durumwheat Genetic Resources CIMMYT 30 T. aestivum cv. Chinese spring ABD Bread wheat Genetic Resources CIMMYT 31 T. aestivum cv. Roshan ABD Bread wheat Isfahan Iran A pre-amplification 150 ng of Mse ...

The Genetic Potential of a Germplasm of Interspecific Crosses between Durum Wheats (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum (Desf.) Husn.) and their Relatives (T. dicoccum Schübl. and T. polonicum L.) in Five Glutenin Loci

During the same period, durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) appeared in the Fertile Crescent as result of further selection and domestication of naked emmer (Zohary et al., 2012). Due to its larger grains and higher productivity, durum gradually replaced its ancestor to become by the second millennium BC the major cultivated form of tetraploid wheat ( Maier, 1996 ; Nesbitt and Samuel ...

Revisiting the ignored Ethiopian durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum) landraces for genetic diversity exploitation in future wheat breeding programs. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, Vol. 8, Issue. 4, p. 45.

Introduction Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) evolved through two polyploidization events between Triticum urartu (AA genome) and an Aegilops speltoides‐related species (BB genome) 0.5 million yr ago (hereafter Ma), forming Triticum turgidum ssp. diccocoides, and between Triticum turgidum ssp. durum (AABB genome) and Aegilops tauschii (DD genome) 10 000 yr ago, forming the modern …

Variation and Relationships among Agronomic Traits in Durum Wheat [Triticum turgidum (L.) Thell. ssp. turgidum conv. durum (Desf.)MacKey] under South Mediterranean Growth Conditions: Stepwise and Path Analyses 1 Agronomy Department, El Hadj Lakhdar University, 5000 Batna, Algeria ...

26/8/2019· Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.; hexaploid genome = AABBDD) naturally evolved via natural hybridization between wild goat grass Aegilops tauschii (DD) and a cultivated emmer plant T.turgidum …

Genetic variation Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Triticum aestivum Triticum turgidum Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s10722-016-0435-7 ) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum L.) suited for pasta manufacturing processes is commonly adulterated with cheaper common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the price of which is about 25% lower. Russo et al. (2014) developed an LC-MS/MS method for the selective and sensitive detection and quantification of durum wheat adulteration.

Knowledge of the genetic structure of germplasm collections is crucial for conservation and efficient use of genetic resources. This study assessed the diversity and genetic structure of a collection of landraces of Spanish durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) using several marker systems and correlated the diversity and agromorphological traits with geographic and climatic features.

10/4/2019· The tetraploid durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum Desf. Husnot) is an important crop which provides the raw material for pasta production and a valuable source of genetic diversity for breeding hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Future breeding efforts to enhance yield potential and climate resilience will increasingly rely on genomics-based approaches to identify and …

Durum wheat (2 n = 28, AABB, Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum) is the most commonly cultivated form of allotetraploid wheat and is grown on 8% of the world’s wheat area.The trial was conducted at Dabat station of Gondar Agricultural Research Center, northern ...

21/9/2016· Genetic variation Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Triticum aestivum Triticum turgidum Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s10722-016-0435-7 ) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Agriculture has new challenges against the climate change: the preservation of genetic resources and the rapid creation of new varieties better adapted to abiotic stress, specially salinity. In this context, the agronomic performance of 25 durum wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. durum Desf.) genotypes (nineteen landraces and six improved varieties), cultivated in two semi-arid regions in the ...

Triticum turgidum Assembly and Gene Annotation Durum wheat with a total production of about 35 million tons is the 10th most important crops worldwide. It is an integral component of the Mediterranean diet and one of the historical foods that followed the birth of civilization, likely to be one of the first domesticated crops in the Fertile Crescent.

18/8/2014· Renewed interest in breeding for high anthocyanins in wheat (Triticum ssp.) is due to their antioxidant potential. A collection of different pigmented wheats was used to investigate the stability of anthocyanins over three crop years. The data show higher anthocyanins in blue-aleurone bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), followed by purple- and red-pericarp durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp ...

Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum) ‘Llareta INIA’ and ‘Corcolén-INIA’ were sown under irrigation in the experiment station Antumapu of the Universidad de Chile on 29 June 2007, 19 May 2009, and 15 June 2010 in order to determinate four genetic coefficients: developmental thermal

1/9/2008· Published by Elsevier Ltd. Genetic Variation in Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum Landraces from China Assessed by EST-SSR Markers 1035 populations together with high intrapopulational variations. Several factors might be determining the genetic structure, such as breeding system, genetic drift, mutation and selection (Schaal et al. 1998).

Abstract Using microsatellite (SSR) markers, the genetic diversity and genetic relationships among 48 Triticum turgidum L. accessions, including 30 Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum, 7 Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum, 4 Triticum turgidum L. ssp. carthlicum, 3 Triticum turgidum L. ssp. paleocolchicum, 2 Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turanicum, and 2 Triticum turgidum L. ssp. polonicum …

Genetic Variability in Anthocyanin Composition and Nutritional Properties of Blue, Purple, and Red Bread (Triticum aestivum L.) and Durum (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum convar. durum) Wheats ...

21/3/2020· 61 emmer (T. turgidum. ssp. dicoccoides, AABB) could increase the diversity of bread 62 wheat10,11. Nevertheless, given the complex taxonomic groups within genera Triticum and 63 Aegilops plus their unresolved phylogeny (Supplementary Table 1)12–14

Preharvest sprouting may reduce end‐use quality and is thus an important grading criterion in all market classes of wheat (Triticum spp.).There are few reports in the literature of genetic variation in preharvest sprouting resistance in durum wheat (T. turgidum L. var durum), and the only apparent attempts to breed sprouting resistant durums have been to transfer resistance from red common ...

The genetic variation observed in cultivated emmer wheat varieties has been previously investigated by a number of authors. Vallega and Waines (1987) showed HMW-glutenin subunit variation in T. turgidum L. ssp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell. that was collected

Genetic variability in anthocyanin composition and nutritional properties of blue, purple, and red bread (Triticum aestivum L.) and durum (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum convar. durum) wheats Renewed interest in breeding for high anthocyanins in wheat (Triticum ...

Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides) is the wild ancestor of all cultivated tetraploid and hexaploid wheats and harbors a large amount of genetic diversity. This diversity is expected to display eco-geographical patterns of variation, conflating gene flow, and local adaptation. As self-replicating entities comprising the bulk of genomic DNA in wheat, retrotransposons are ...

Triticum turgidum synonyms, Triticum turgidum pronunciation, Triticum turgidum translation, English dictionary definition of Triticum turgidum. Noun 1. Triticum turgidum - wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern Russia, North...

Genetic variation for glutenin and gliadins associated with quality in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum) landraces from Spain Autores: E. Aguiriano, M. Ruiz, R. Fité, José María Carrillo Localización: Spanish journal of agricultural research, ISSN 1695-971X, ISSN-e 2171-9292, Nº. 4, 2008, págs. 599-609 ...

Genetic variation in domesticated emmer wheat in and around Ethiopia 213 taxa are now treated as one species, T. turgidum L., owing to a lack of reproductive barriers between them. Because of the huge morphological variations exhibited there, the Abyssinian

three TTKS lineages in both tetraploid (T. turgidum ssp. durum L.) and hexaploid wheat (T. aestivum L.) cultivars (Jin et al. 2007). Among them, Sr13 is the only known gene with effective resistance to the TTKS races present within the US durum wheat adapted

27/8/2014· Genetic variability in anthocyanin composition and nutritional properties of blue, purple, and red bread (Triticum aestivum L.) and durum (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum convar. durum) wheats. Ficco DB(1), De Simone V, Colecchia SA, Pecorella I, …

29 T. turgidum ssp. durum cv. Langdon AB Durumwheat Genetic Resources CIMMYT 30 T. aestivum cv. Chinese spring ABD Bread wheat Genetic Resources CIMMYT 31 T. aestivum cv. Roshan ABD Bread wheat Isfahan Iran A pre-amplification containing 5 µl ...

Wheat hardness has major consequences for the entire wheat supply chain from breeders and millers over manufacturers to, finally, consumers of wheat‐based products. Indeed, differences in hardness among Triticum aestivum L. or between T. aestivum L. and T. turgidum L. ssp. durum wheat cultivars determine not only their milling properties, but also the properties of flour or semolina ...

1/5/2017· Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) is an important crop with high protein content and superior cooking quality which used for Pasta production. To estimate genetic the relationships of 50 Algerian durum wheat accessions, RAPD and ISSR analysis was performed with 10 primers for both RAPD and ISSR.

Genetic Variability in Anthocyanin Composition and Nutritional Properties of Blue, Purple, and Red Bread (Triticum aestivum L.) and Durum (Triticum turgidum L. ssp turgidum convar. durum) Wheats

Commercial durum wheats (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum), however, were less tolerant to bicarbonate, which may contribute to their poor adaptation to alkaline soils in comparison to bread wheats. Bread and durum wheat varieties and populations were grown at several alkaline sites in 2004 and 2005 to determine the influence of high pH on grain yield.

Part B - The Biology of Triticum turgidum ssp. durum B1. General Description, Cultivation and Use as a Crop Plant Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) is a monocotyledonous plant of the Gramineae family, and of the Triticeae tribe and belongs to the.

(2n = 42 = AABBDD), T. aestivum L.; durum wheat (T. turgidum Transfer of Soft Kernel Texture from Triticum aestivum to Durum Wheat, Triticum turgidum ssp. durum Craig F. Morris,* Marco C. Simeone, G. E. King, and Domenico Lafi andra ABSTRACT ssp.

Emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides) is an allotetraploid species, which harbors of two different genomes (AA and BB), and is distributed over the near east Fertile Crescent [1, 2].Emmer wheat is the wild progenitor of emmer (T. turgidum ssp. dicoccum), from which all T. turgidum ssp. durum (pasta wheat) and T. aestivum (bread wheat) were derived.

Triticum urartu is a wild diploid wheat identified as donor of the A genome in polyploid wheats. This species could be used as a genetic resource for wheat quality breeding. The HMWGs and B-LMWGs of this species were analysed by SDS-PAGE in 169 accessions from Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, the former Soviet Union, and Turkey. Seventeen alleles for the Glu-Au1 locus and 24 for the Glu-Au3 …

1/12/2016· Genetic diversity in Ethiopian Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum var durum) inferred from phenotypic variations - Volume 16 Issue 1 - Dejene K. Mengistu, Yosef G. Kidane, Carlo Fadda, Mario Enrico Pè van Etten, Jacob de Sousa, Kauê Aguilar, Amílcar Barrios, Mirna ...

Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var durum) represents only approximately 8% of the wheat production worldwide and 90% of its production has its origin in the Mediterranean region (Ammar et al., 2000). In Algeria, T. turgidum ssp. durum Desf. em. Husn. is

progenitor of emmer (T. turgidum ssp. dicoccum), from which all T. turgidum ssp. durum (pasta wheat) and T. aestivum (bread wheat) were derived. While crop yields have recently increased for the most part, the genetic basis of most of the important food crops

Stripe rust, caused by the fungal pathogen Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Eriks, is an important disease of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide and there is an indication that it may also become a serious disease of durum wheat (T. turgidum L ...

Dispersal of durum wheat [Triticum turgidum L. ssp. turgidum convar. durum (Desf.) MacKey] landraces across the Mediterranean basin assessed by AFLPs and microsatellites Marc Moragues , Marian Moralejo , Mark E Sorrells , Conxita Royo

Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) is widely grown in the Mediterranean area. The semolina obtained by this grain is used to prepare pasta, couscous, and baked products all over the world. The growing area affects the characteristics of Durum wheat; consequently, it is relevant to trace this product.The present study aims at developing an analytical methodology which would allow ...